Flatweave rugs 

Flatweave rugs have a woven canvas (1/1) backing  and are generally made by hand.

Pile rugs

In addition to the traditional fabric backing with warp and weft – they are also made using a mechanical system to insert the yarn that forms the upper surface of the pile.

There are also rugs whose pile is made of “loops” that are subsequently sheared to get a smooth surface.

Knotted  rugs 

Knotted rugs are made by attaching segments of yarn knotted around two threads or more.

In many countries, rugs are still made by hand and their quality is in the fibre used and its fineness (wool, silk or sinthetic) and the higher the number of knots per centimetre, the more expensive the finished rugs will be.

Tufted rugs

Tufted rugs have their pile inserted into a fabric backing.


Carpet is the most common use of TUFTED products (i.e. made with long fibre fabrics).

It is made of pile inserted into a very sturdy and stable backing material using needles; jute is particularly suited to this purpose.

Three types of looms are used in industrial production:

Axminster loom

It is a spool or gripper type, with the insertion of pre-cut yarn.

Wilton loom

It uses cut yarn during weaving.

Tufting loom

The yarn is inserted using Needles.